As the foregoing reconstruction shows, the evidence from the text is overwhelming, and, in light of Baums political background, trickster personality, and subsequent work, it is all but conclusive: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a deliberate work of political symbolism. Later on in the text, Dorothy meets the Good Witch of the North. . The Wonderful Wizard of Oz 1991. Quentin Taylor, for example, claimed that many of the events and characters of the book resemble the actual political personalities, events and ideas of the 1890s. Munchkins: Thought to represent little people, or the common folk. Together, all four of them took the yellow brick road to Emerald City.
In addition to this, the Wicked Witch of the East put a spell on him that every time he swung his axe, he would chop a piece of him off. As well, industrialism had taken over by then, which is another politically-centered idea. Yet, for anti-imperialists, who counted many Populists among their ranks, Bryans unpopular stand was courageous indeed. Under Dorothys benevolent influence, the Monkeys are kind and helpful-that is to say, assimulated. Frank Baum may have unintentionally written about Populism and George Lucas outright says he is presenting an allegorical film, it is clear to see the similarities between these two works.
At the Democratic National Convention in 1896, the assembled delegates nominated William Jennings Bryan, an avid supporter of free silver, for president. The cyclone is supposed to represent the Populist Movement and the political upheaval it brought involving William Jennings Bryan, and the Granger movement. Before his success with Oz, he tried to start his own newspaper in South Dakota, which eventually failed. Emerald City represents Washington, D. No, my friends, it will never be the judgment of this people. I say this because Dorothy shoes are silver and she is sent to go down the yellow brick road, which can be seen as gold bricks. Dorothy is swept away to a colorful land of unlimited resources that nevertheless has serious political problems.
New York Times, January 10. However, he showed that the farmer needed sympathy in a supportive way, by making a scarecrow that just needed. The following is a compilation of several views of the monetary reform symbolism used by L. It shows that the Wicked Witch of the West represents the untamed, and dry, drought plains in the West. Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch of the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs. This would make his body smaller, in relation to his work being minimized by the government. Frank Baum as the quintessential American.
The city is green and stands for money, and the economy. We are prepared to meet them on either issue or on both. Although the Wonderful Wizard of Oz has a positive connotation, when you watch the movie, it turns out that the Wizard of Oz isn't such a great being. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, whether intentionally or not, serves an allegory for the Populist movement in the 1890s and early 1900s. Baum himself used the monopoly-as-octopus metaphor in a number of later works, including a specific reference to the Standard Oil Company. Frank Baum's Oz in Utopian Studies, 1998.
Having this thought in mind, the story of 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' was written solely to please children of today. When the Wicked Witch of the East died, they were freed of oppression. The income tax is a just law. In 1900, when the book was first published, the political and economic state of the U. The cyclone could also represent a Silverite victory, when the Senate adopted a bill that prohibited the government from issuing money bonds without the consent of the Congress. Indeed, several aspects of the book have largely been over-shadowed by those of the movie: Dorothy's magical silver shoes became ruby slippers in Technicolor; the book's straightforward fantasy became only a dream; and the final resolution of the book, confirming how Dorothy's companions would employ their special talents, was eliminated when she awoke from her dream.
Sources Baum and Denslow did not simply invent the Cowardly Lion, Tin Woodman, Scarecrow, gold-colored Yellow Brick Road, Silver Slippers, cyclone, flying monkeys, Emerald City, little people, Uncle Henry, witches and the wizard. He is revealed as a fraud, and nothing better than Dorothy and her comrades. Indeed, when the foursome enter the throne room, the Wizard appears to each in a different form. Taylor is an assistant professor of history and political science at Rogers State University, Claremore, Oklahoma. Frank Baums Classic as a Political and Monetary Allegory, Dighe concludes that the story is almost certainly not a conscious Populist allegory, but, like Parker, he believes the book works as one 2002, 8. Identification of the Wizard with Bryan would seem to raise an obvious problem.
That is the question that the party must answer first; and then it must be answered by each individual hereafter. Wicked opens as the townspeople of Oz are rejoicing in the death of The Wicked Witch of the West. Dorothy and company also face hazards on the road to Emerald City and are turned away by the Wizard, who shows little sympathy for their plight. Cast as the chief villains in the Populist drama, the trusts were often portrayed as monsters of one kind or another. This inflationary measure would have increased the amount of money in circulation and aided cash-poor and debt-burdened farmers. What we need is an Andrew Jackson to stand as Jackson stood, against the encroachments of aggregated wealth.
Frank Baum The Wizard of Oz is a very popular children's book written by L. Do the Baums symbols represent the solution to relieve the growing economic hardship both in this country, and the rest of the world? The malign manipulation of gold and silver by the wicked Witch represents the other half of the western menace: the self-interested juggling of metal currency by the western nabobs. McKinley was the most popular man among the Republicans ; and everybody three months ago in the Republican Party prophesied his election. The copyright for the original books published before 1923 has expired, but the 1939 film will be under copyright for decades to come. A young girl trying to go back home to Kansas after a cyclone lands her and her dog, Toto, in the Land of Oz. Many among the Oz faithful, however, were not impressed, including Baums great-grandson, who curtly dismissed the parable thesis as insane Moyer 1998, 46. It is the policy of exploitation that the rich employ against the poor.
The green spectacles could be used as propaganda to cloud American people mind. Modern education includes morality; therefore the modern child seeks only entertainment in its wonder tales and gladly dispenses with all disagreeable incident. First, Littlefield and his supporters never claimed to have proved that Baum wrote a deliberate, conscious parable. During this time, farmers were suffering from issues involving supply and demand. Conclusion Critics of the allegorical reading of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz have made much of the discovery that L.