With firms and individuals facing incentives to be innovative and work hard this creates a climate of innovation and economic expansion. This brings wide inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth. Socialism, which is an economy controlled by the state and planned by a central planning authority, provides for a greater social welfare and decreases business fluctuations. Firms have incentives to be productive; inefficient firms will go out of business. Capitalism ensures that goods and services are distributed according to consumers' wants, bringing about efficient allocation of resources, with firms only producing what the consumers prefer.
No central direction is required for the operation of the economy. Even supporters of capitalism will admit that government provision of certain public goods and public services is essential to maximise the potential of a capitalist society. The central planning authority makes an exhaustive survey of resources and utilizes them in the most efficient manner. In Capitalism, goods or services are distributed based on societal mechanisms instead of government controls or mandates. No matter where you start in life, everyone has an opportunity to make it big. Businesses do not make products that no one wants to buy.
It creates a money-oriented economy Businesses tend to focus too much on money-making opportunities and therefore become very materialistic. Capitalism focus on providing only the best. If a small group of people hold all the wealth and that wealth continues to be passed down to the same groups of people, inequality and social division occur. Consumers do not enjoy the status of a consumer as in a capitalist economy. The quality of goods also improves as a result of prioritizing customer needs. This leads to efficient production, which prevents firms going out of business.
But this doesn't work for the labor force. Goods are produced according to the taste, preference and demand of consumers. Generally planned economy co-ordinates the action of various producing units, prevents discrimination between saving and investment and make full use of available resources. Economic Equality Socialists claim more equal distribution of wealth but practically it is proven that complete economic equality is virtually impossible. This means businesses must create goods or services that are desired by the society and this helps to serve the needs of individuals and households.
They understand they have a moral obligation to their fellow man and are the only ones who make it possible for the poor to be helped. Companies must find profitable ways to produce high-quality products that consumers want to buy. There is a choice to work, but choosing not to work makes it difficult to be a participant in a society that is based on Capitalism. Though greed and competition often damage society, one cannot deny that these traits have moved forwards mankind at a rapid pace. Well, the less happy countries like the Asian Tiger economies tend to be the main exporters of consumer goods. However, this ignores the diminishing marginal utility of wealth.
Formal economies consist of those driven by the market or government, while informal economies exist without formalized policies or regulations. There is a large-scale wastage of resources due to unnecessary competition. A capitalist society is based on legal right to private property and the ability to pass on to future generations. In this kind of economy, people are more open to lots more options in business. Economic Growth I will consider economic growth as an important advantage of socialism because it adopts economic planning as a means of promoting rapid economic growth. The 2013 Cone Communications-Echo Global report is an online survey that represents 10,287 adults, comprising 5,127 men and 5,160 women 18 years of age and older, with data pulled from 10 countries, including the United States, Canada, Brazil, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, China, India and Japan. Also, in a capitalist economy, people have the right to own private property.
This causes the rich to become richer and the poor to stay poor. Focus on profit: The obsessive focus on profits leads to social and economic inequality. In a capitalist economy, people are divided into two classes: those who own businesses and those who work for them. If buyers are not interested in the goods or services that are offered by an organization, then that business will not continue to exist. This division of labor among specialized employees streamlines the production process and is a major tenet of capitalism. Business owners are those who can supply or have a larger capital, and earn profits from the production of those they employ. Similarly, a free market economy will under-provide goods with positive externalities, such as health, public transport and education.
The poor just want free stuff. Non-existence of Competition It is due to competition that an economy becomes prosperous. Underground Economy The Informal or Underground Economy refers to an economy that is unmonitored by any form of government, not taxed, and not included in any gross national product calculations. In socialism economic activities are carried on mainly for social gains and personal interest is of less significance. Capitalism affords economic freedom, consumer choice, and economic growth. Businesses take the place of the government in a Capitalistic society. These incentives in product and service creates the pressure to avoid waste and cut cost in every level of the production activity.