The large left and right renal arteries course behind the renal veins to enter the hilus of the left and right kidneys, respectively. The right is longer than the left, on account of the position of the aorta; it passes behind the inferior vena cava, the right renal vein, the head of the pancreas, and the descending part of the duodenum. From the intestinal arteries small branches are given off to the lymph glands and other structures between the layers of the mesentery. The internal iliac artery is separated from the sacroiliac joint by the internal iliac vein and the lumbosacral trunk. The descending branch passes near the pedicle, supplying it, before anastomosing with the ascending branch from the level below. As the abdominal aorta passes through the posterior abdominal region, the prevertebral plexus of nerves and ganglia covers its anterior surface.
The spleen also develops in relationto the foregut region. In its course it distributes several ascending branches to both surfaces of the stomach; others descend to supply the greater omentum and anastomose with branches of the middle colic. That spli … ts into the right subclavian and right common carotid arery. This vessel gives off numerous branches, some of which ascend to supply both surfaces of the stomach, while others descend to supply the greater omentum and anastomose with branches of the middle colic. Near the back part of the central tendon each vessel divides into a medial and a lateral branch. The branches of the aortic arch also have their own significant branches. The abdominal aorta forms several branches, three of which supply blood to the intestines: the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, and inferior mesenteric artery.
The left gastroepiploic artery a. They are usually from twelve to fifteen in number, and are distributed to the jejunum and ileum. They are two slender vessels of considerable length, and arise from the front of the aorta a little below the renal arteries. The internal spermatic artery supplies one or two small branches to the ureter, and in the inguinal canal gives one or two twigs to the Cremaster. This results in a weak, delayed femoral pulse which presents clinically as radio-femoral delay. The next two branches of the internal iliac artery are the superior and inferior gluteal arteries.
They supply the ovaries, are shorter than the internal spermatics, and do not pass out of the abdominal cavity. From it, minute branches are said to pass to the posterior surface of the rectum. Inferior mesenteric artery Lateral branches paired : supply viscera derived from intermediate mesoderm 4. The inferior branch of the ileocolic runs toward the upper border of the ileocolic junction and supplies the following branches a colic, which pass upward on the ascending colon; b anterior and posterior cecal, which are distributed to the front and back of the cecum; c an appendicular artery, which descends behind the termination of the ileum and enters the mesenteriole of the vermiform process; it runs near the free margin of this mesenteriole and ends in branches which supply the vermiform process; and d ileal, which run upward and to the left on the lower part of the ileum, and anastomose with the termination of the superior mesenteric. The internal spermatic arteries aa.
The superior mesenteric artery a. Previous to its division it gives off two or three small branches to the pyloric end of the stomach and to the pancreas. Each of these arteries forms many smaller branches that spread throughout the abdomen to specific regions of the intestines. Sometimes one is derived from the aorta, and the other from one of the renal arteries; they rarely arise as separate vessels from the aorta. Finally, the iliolumbar veins drain into the common iliac veins rather than into the internal iliac veins.
At an early period of fetal life, when the testes or ovaries lie by the side of the vertebral column, below the kidneys, the internal spermatic or ovarian arteries are short; but with the descent of these organs into the scrotum or lesser pelvis, the arteries are gradually lengthened. Small branches are given to the ureter and the uterine tube, and one passes on to the side of the uterus, and unites with the uterine artery. By 2019 Fig 6 — Aortic aneurysm, a dilation of the vessel more than 1. The aortic arch ends at the level of the T4 vertebra. Diagnosis is made from an ultrasound and the weakened vessel wall can be surgically replaced with a piece of synthetic tubing. The subcostal arteries supply oxygenated blood primarily to the upper, posterior abdominal wall while the posterior intercostal artery branches supply the thoracic wall. This is primarily a result of the transformation processes of the aortic arch arteries.
The vessels were injected while the gut was in situ; the gut was then removed, and an x-ray photograph taken. On the right side it is in relation above with the azygos vein, cisterna chyli, thoracic duct, and the right crus of the diaphragmthe last separating it from the upper part of the inferior vena cava, and from the right celiac ganglion; the inferior vena cava is in contact with the aorta below. MedchromeTube provides a simple platform for medical students, doctors and others related to the medical profession across the globe that makes learning process of medical science more fun and interactive. System of Surgery, edited by T. It arches superiorly, posteriorly and to the left before moving inferiorly. Each passes obliquely downward and lateralward behind the peritoneum, resting on the Psoas major, the right spermatic lying in front of the inferior vena cava and behind the middle colic and ileocolic arteries and the terminal part of the ileum, the left behind the left colic and sigmoid arteries and the iliac colon.
One or two accessory renal arteries are frequently found, more especially on the left side they usually arise from the aorta, and may come off above or below the main artery, the former being the more common position. Drawing on whiteboard the branches of the ambdominal aorta. Prepared in same manner as Fig. These vessels anastomose with the pancreatic branches of the pancreaticoduodenal and superior mesenteric arteries. The left phrenic passes behind the esophagus, and runs forward on the left side of the esophageal hiatus.