Canada, French Canadian, New Brunswick 1456 Words 4 Pages political instability in Macedonia led to conflicts between Albanian armed groups and government forces. The governments of Nigeria and South Africa have taken bold constitutional steps to reduce tension, but the continuing ethnic and raise questions about the effectiveness of these mechanisms. Their aim is to prevent the mass of workers and the poor layers from escaping from their common plight of impoverishment, towards forming a political bloc to fight the oppressive and corrupt ruling class. By excluding people of other religious persuasion, the agitators debase themselves and do grievous injury to their cause. Ivans, Evans 1997 Bureaucracy And Race. The result was the emergence of tentative efforts at confederation outside of the Ec as well. Nigeria can boast of its oil, coal, tin, bauxite and gold.
The first period of military rule lasted until 1979. Then once the daughter is older and mature, the mother will be her friend who will always be there for her. They may have a point. It is as a result of the above problem or issue that calls for religious dialogue to eradicate such preconceived conceptions and notions and also to put an end to killing and destruction of various properties. It is wonderful summary of analysis on causes and effects of ethnics conflict. Furthermore, some competing elite political players may not be in power; they would remain unincorporated into the central system. The powers that be in the northern and eastern region took a different political view of the agitations and refused to yield.
Oppose the invasion of the Niger Delta December 1999 The invasion of parts of Bayelsa State by over 2,000 soldiers, under the orders of the Obasanjo regime, on November 21 reveals the true nature of the current civilian regime. Some couple of streets further an almost naked man clad in underpants was trying without much success with his children to put out the fire consuming their home. These conflicts cause not only casualties and refugees. For this reason, we need to examine in depth the historical roots of the crises and conflicts. Ravens , Bloomington and Indiana Polis: Indiana University Press. Under such circumstances, it is easy to believe that if the other ethnic group s go away there will be enough. The laws clearly violate the fundamental human rights of everybody whether Muslim or Christian; women and children are going to be grossly discriminated against.
Christians largely led the movement for the Middle Belt region. The current strife in Sri Lanka is thus, a violent, ethnic separatist movement that mainly involves the Sri Lankan Tamils and the Sinhalese. Other examples range from religious-based ethnic communities such as the Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland, to the religiously homogeneous but ethnically different Kurds in Iraq. After 1789, existing confederations either disappeared as in the case of the Netherlands or were transformed by the people into federations as in the case of Switzerland and Germany. It is a lie that the current invasion is to find the killers of the 12 police officers. In most cases, therefore, mechanisms of political governance are formed on the basis of ethnicity via custom-made patronage systems Lewis 2007:2.
The colonial legacy has created certain privileged special classes--landlords in Pakistan, plantation owners in Sri Lanka, royalty and aristocracy in Nepal, the westernised upper middle classes in urban India--who assumed the control over the state authority after independence. Additionally, ethnic entrepreneurs, or elites, could be tempted to mobilize ethnic groups in order to gain their political support in democratizing states. A comparative study of Nigeria and South Africa focuses on identifying ethno-political problem spots and subsequently assessing the similarity or differences in approach to conflict management and effectiveness in securing ethnic coexistence. Mobilisation has taken place along ethno-regional lines in order to lobby the colonial authorities for resources a practice that continued after Nigeria became independent. After the Hutus took power.
At the same time, it is not that hatred and enmity did not exist between various groups during earlier times. Hence, poverty increased and with it, conflict over scarce resources. Their solutions lie in identifying their root causes and proffering solutions. They have always corrected Nigerians who mis-read, mis-understand, mis-interpret, or misrepresent them. It may be necessary to dwell upon the factors that condition ethnic conflicts. In addition, due to religious differences, organization sprang up denouncing western education and culture, and killing and maiming Christians and Muslims alike. As it was in parts of the Western region, the slave trade introduced by Europeans caused inter-ethnic wars, depopulation and instability until the colonial rule in the late 19th century.
This makes the conflict in the North more interesting for the rest of the world and this is the main reason for the emphasis on the subject in this paper. There were varieties of lines which existed between the various states and people which were the predecessors of modern Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria, clashes between Muslim groups—mainly ethnic Hausa and Fulani—and Christian and traditionalist communities have become a monthly affair, with devastating consequences. Its strength and importance is dynamic and differs from group to group. The Igbo and the Yoruba must have come to the region for a number of reasons, among which must be commerce and economic opportunities. And there is no doubt that inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria form part of the dynamics of identity politics. Somalia and Ethiopia have already been mentioned.
As I listened to his words a funny thing happened: I realized he was right. Mare', Gerhard 1993 Etnicity and Politics In South Africa. They have been subjected to rigorous attacks by the Sri Lankan government wth a decisive advantage in their favour. With about 120 million people, Nigeria is Africa's most populous country. A middle aged pregnant woman collapsed under the heavy burden she was carrying. Another major cause of ethnic conflict is , especially the and insecurity of ethnic groups during transition.
We go beyond the simple headlines or major global news events to help you — our readers — better understand our world in these complex times. With increasing interest in the field of ethnic conflict, many policy analysts and political scientists theorized potential resolutions and tracked the results of institutional policy implementation. For example, inter-ethnic business organizations serve to connect the business interests of different ethnic groups which would increase their desire to maintain ethnic harmony. The Fulani warriors and Islamic jihad had a base at Ilorin, the northern edge of Yoruba land and raided the Yoruba land in places as far south as Oyo, Ibadan and Abeokuta. The consociational model is not perfect either, but is certainly more applicable to Nigeria than the previous two.