He and swami vivekananda drew equal attention at the first World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893. Archived from on 29 December 2010. He had no formal education but his discourses were full of wisdom. The Prarthana Samaj did in Maharashtra what the Brahmo Samaj did in Bengal. As a social reformer, Syed Ahmad Khan campaigned against the purdah system, polygamy and the Muslim system of divorce.
More often than not the women did not volunteer for such brutality and had to be forced or even drugged to comply. Ram Mohan was also the first to give importance to the development of the mother tongue. It campaigned against orthodoxy in religion. This confidence helped in the resurgence of Indian nationalism. Although born into a Hindu Brahmin family, where his father Ramkanto Roy, was a Vaishnavite, Roy at a young age left home, shunned orthodox rituals and idol worship and became a staunch supporter of monotheism. The differences among them appear only when they start giving peculiar attributes to that Being. He supported the move of Lord Macaulay and championed the cause of the English system of education in India.
He started the English school, the Hindu College and the Vedanta College at Calcutta. With him we usher in a new era filled with the zeal of reforms and modern activities in all the fields, especially those of social, educational and political reforms. He was also a great opponent of the rigid caste divisions of his time. He made every possible effort to make his motherland a better place for the future generations to come. The Brahmo Samaj believed in the unity of all religions.
He delivered a series of lectures in the U. He sent petitions to the government to adopt a wider system of public education in English. He was influenced by the western culture and spread the message of unity of religions and rationality. In 1814, he settled in Calcutta, and the following year he founded the Atmiya Sabha. He died at , then a village to the north east of now a suburb , on 27 September 1833 of and was buried in the in southern Bristol.
During this period India spotted a remarkable explosion of intellectual activity in India and a profound transformation in her religious and social ideas. For the purpose, he persuaded the British government to make a law legalizing widow remarriages; thus the Widow Remarriage Act, 1856 was passed which gave rights to widows to marry again and child born out of such marriages were also considered to be legal. He was against traditional Hindu practices and echoed his voice against Sati system, polygamy, caste rigidity and child marriage. He was married for a second time at ten and had two sons from the marriage. He founded the Atmiya Sabha in 1928, nd the first meeting of this new-found religion as held on August 20 that year. It also attacked casteism and untouchability though in these matters it attained only limited success.
To modernize the education system, Raja Ram Mohan Roy established many English schools. By organising an association for debates and discussions on literature, philosophy, history and science, he spread radical ideas. The Brahmins and other higher castes in the society encouraged it. She was a social reformer who tried her level best to educate women. It established various learned societies and educational institutions.
Born: August 14, 1774 Place of Birth: Radhanagar village, Hoogly district, Bengal Presidency now West Bengal Parents: Ramakanta Roy Father and Tarini Devi Mother Spouse: Uma Devi 3rd wife Children: Radhaprasad and Ramaprasad Education: Persian and Urdu in Patna; Sanskrit in Varanasi; English in Kolkata Movement: Bengal Renaissance Religious Views: Hinduism early life and Brahmoism later in life Publications: Tuhfat-ul-Muwahhidinor A Gift to Monotheists 1905 , Vedanta 1815 , Ishopanishad 1816 , Kathopanishad 1817 , Moonduk Upanishad 1819 , The Precepts of Jesus - Guide to Peace and Happiness 1820 , Sambad Kaumudi - a Bengali newspaper 1821 , Mirat-ul-Akbar - Persian journal 1822 , Gaudiya Vyakaran 1826 , Brahmapasona 1828 , Brahmasangeet 1829 and The Universal Religion 1829. A social reformer is anyone who advocates for reform of a certain area of society. She founded the Arya Mahila Sabha in Pune and opened the Sarda Sadan for helping destitute widows. Post completion of his education, Rammohan entered the services of the East India Company as a clerk. In 1815 Roy founded the short-lived Atmiya-Sabha Friendly Society to his doctrines of monotheistic Hinduism. Rammohan Roy represented the first glimmerings of the rise of national consciousness in India. In 1828, Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the 'Brahma Samaj'.
Thus, the press acted as a vehicle for disseminating ideas of social transformation. He rejected polytheism, idol-worship and rituals of different religions. That is why he had resented strongly against the existing revenue system of the country whose first prey were the landlords. Roy was a determined crusader against the inhuman practice of sati. Soon a powerful movement in favour of widow remarriage was started.
Champion of Internationalism : Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the champion of internalism. With his fight against social prejudice and concern for humanity, he inaugurated a new lease of life for Indians. He criticized Hindu religious texts such as Puranas for perpetuating Idol worship and other superstitions. She propagated Vedic philosophy and urged Indians to take pride in their culture. But he was a man of self-confidence and firm determination. His efforts to combine true to the roots theological doctrines along with modern rational lessons saw him establish the Anglo-Vedic School in 1822 followed by the Vedanta College in 1826. After his death, his followers had established the Dayanand Anglo Vedic Schools first in Lahore and then in other parts of India.
He really advocated the principle of collaboration of mankind. The dates of his time in both these places are uncertain. He was a great humanist and had deep sympathy for the poor and the oppressed. However such threats and pressures by the society would not deter him from doing his work and he kept creating awareness among people about social evils. The Atmiya Sabha published an English weekly called the Bengal Gazette and a Persian newspaper called Miratul-Akbar.