The Sikhs in such matter have to follow the lead of sister communities. The council would be presided over by the Viceroy. Since the secession -of the Liberals from the Congress in 1918, a decision of such tremendous importance was reached without any dissentient voice at a meeting representing both wings of the party of self-government. The Indian public clamoured for revision of this form of government, and the Government of India Act 1919 itself stated that a commission would be appointed after ten years to investigate the progress of the governance scheme and suggest new steps for reform. In the course of his remarks … he made several references to the Indian Reforms as an experiment. There was no bar to the appointment of an outsider had the cabinet been inclined to make one, But even if the British government wanted to restrict the membership of the Statutory Commission to only the members of parliament, the availability of two prominent Indians in the British government was the relevant answer to this decision of the Conservative government.
This report advocated that India be given dominion status of complete internal self-government. The committee passed the following resolution28 regarding hartal. The Diehards wanted to exclude Indian politicians from power, and to minimize their influence, at this level. According to them, India was never more than a mere geographical expression. He further opined that the re- examination of the constitution might take place at any time, not later than 1929, when the British government were persuaded that there had been genuine cooperation of the responsible Indian political leaders in working the existing constitution, and when sufficient experience of these new and still largely untried conditions had been gathered to form the basis of a considered judgment. Speeches by Lord Irwin, Vol. Rajendra Prasad, Shalfi Daudi, Dip Narayan Singh, Braj Kishore Prasad, Sri Krishna Singh, Syed Abdul Aziz, and Mahendra Prasad.
While giving its recommendations for the extension of franchise, the Commission held that there should be such extensioih of franschise as was reasonably practicable, and that provision should be made with a view to yet greater extension after a further interval. It is basic and fundamental. A member of the House of Commons. They had arranged to make h ouse to house visits throughout the city, enlist Congress members and introduce swadesh cloth into each and every home. He also spoke of the British Civil Service as the steel frame of the Indian administration and said that he could see no time when India could dispense with its guidance and assistance. So, in other words, references to 'full partnership', 'selfgovernment within the Empire', and India's 'acquiring her due place among the Dominions really meant little. The platform was closed to the public, and only those who had the invitation cards, were admitted in after a close scrutiny.
Even senior leaders like Pandit Nehru were not spared. The resolution on Hindu-Muslim unity was put before the Congress in two parts, dealing with the. Why was Simon Commission boycotted? The Committee notes with regret that these disturbances were due to the conduct fo those who were determined to defeat the boycott, and that at several places, those in authority and their supporters brough undue pressure to bear upon the people not to observe the hartal. It was thus hoped to give ministers experience of constitutional responsibliltiy. Secretary of the Imperial Bank who was going back at five,. Lord Halifax; Fullness of Days, p.
On the side of British India, some of the members would be drawn from the central legislature by the use of the transsferable vote; others would be nominated by the Viceroy. The British government in 1929 issued the public safety ordinance to remove from India persons it considered British and foreign communist agents. The present status of Frontier Province should be maintained. Nath, Tirath Ram Bali, Lala Jankinath Anand of seva samiti and Lala Mangal Sain Marwaha of the muncipal committee. Its appointment came as a rude shock to the Indian people. I would add that progress in this policy can only be achieved by successive stages.
But if the Indian joint committee would prefer it, the Commission would make its report an annexe to oits own document, so that both might be presented to the King-Emperor and made public at the same moment. The chairman of the reception committee, Seth Jamnadas, welcomed the delegates and said that it was the duty of land-holders and tenants of the C. Lala Lajpat Rai led the non violent demonstration in Lahore and he was critically beaten up by police. Lord and Viscount Chelmsford, served in Indian array in First World War; was the. Rahim on the one hand, and the Congress president and the Swarajists on the other, openly advised their countrymen to abstain from helping the Commission in any way. There was, to some extent, gratification amongst a few sections of Indian political thought at the prospect of provincial autonomy, but leaders of the minority communities were, generally speaking, of the opinion that neither in the provinces nor in' the centre was proper provision made for safeguarding their special interests.
It called upon the people of India and appealed to all political parties to abstain from cooperation with the Commission; either by giving evidence or by voting for or serving on any committee connected therewith. I am also grateful to my brothers Gaurav, Kanishka and Kunal and my sisters Lalita, Saumya, Vidushi, Sneha and Medhavi for giving me all the encouragement and moral support which I needed during my research work. Howsoever intelligent the 'jury' they could not find a solution to the Indian puzzle…. In the absence of an agreement between Hindus and Muslims, the Commission was unanimous in holding that communal representation for the Muslims of a province must be continued, and that Muslim voers could not be depreived of the special protection until a substantial majority of oMuslim representatives in the privincial legislature declared themselves in favour of the change. A committee of twenty-one members might meet at Delhi or Bombay to start the work of drafting it.
He opined that no self-respecting and accredited representative of India would associate himself with or serve on the Commission, unless invited on absolutely equal terms and with equal rights. You can readily imagine what kind of Commission in its personnel would have been appointed by and his friends. Whatever view may be taken as to the expediency and possibilility of establishing second chambers in the provicnes, there was a cognate proposal for securing legislative revision on which the Commission agreed. It stated that they would make no progress in this diection so long, as, they gt representation soley by nominatioin, for nomination provided no opportunites for training them in politics. Sir John Simon Chairman of the commission 2. There was no transfer of power, and the Governor-General-in-Council continued to be responsible to parliament through the Secretary of State-in-Council in respect of all matters. On 30 October 1928, the Commission arrived in where it was met by protesters waving black flags.
The views of impending boycoot quickly penetrated to the India Office. Therefore, Sir, I once more implore every member of the House to look into these things patriotically and to vote for the motion which Lala Lajpat Rai has moved in this House not to cooperate with this Commission at any stage and in any form. The central legislative assembly decided by a majority that it would have nothing to do with the commission. Burnham and Lane-Fox visited the Ramakrishna Students Home, Myalapore, the individual School and the Presidency College, They made enquiries from the Principal as to the proportion of Brahman. The Simon Commission was strongly opposed by the Congress and other nationalist leaders and common people.
The Commission never stopped his work although people were opposing it. Thousands of people were beaten up. Equality of Status Conceded V. I convey my sincere thanks to my supervisor Dr. The contention of the Viceroy and The Times that Dominion Status was implicit in the 1917 Declaration and the Instrument of Instructions to the Governor-General did not find unanimous acceptance in England.