Normality and abnormality in psychology. Introduction to Abnormal Psychology 2019-03-05

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Discuss the concepts of normality and abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Do my students really enjoy psychology as much as I think? Unfortunately, stigma and discrimination can add to their suffering and disability. When Jack expressed misgivings, Ann attacked him as obsessive. But when his role in a group or society is concerned, he is not adjustable. As long as people abide by these their behavior is considered as normal. The above bell shaped curve shows a relative distribution of abnormal, normal and superior individuals in the general population.

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PSYCHOLOGY: Abnormality and Normality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Abnormal: The concept of abnormality is defined as the simple exaggeration or perverted development of the normal psychological behaviour. Behaviors that result from a reaction to distress when others feel none are considered abnormal. The enduring understanding here is that it is not easy to determine what is normal. We have jobs, we shop, we eat, we pay taxes. What about tapping her fingers on the desk? For example, a person who has the obsessive-compulsive disorder of hand-washing may find that the behavior makes him cheerful, happy and better able to cope with his day. Normal behavior refers to expected behavior in individuals. During , Jack's girlfriend, Ann, let her Irish setter share the bed.

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What Is Normal?

normality and abnormality in psychology

We may be entering a similar period of dissociation, in which risk and pathology become separated from abnormality—or an era in which abnormality is universal and unremarkable. Many 'normal' people seem abnormal to me. The concept of abnormality is imprecise and difficult to define. Laing, Thomas Szasz and Franco Basaglia. To me normal is whatever exists in nature. As Coleman 1981 views, it makes no reference to self actualization, i. But this concept is incorrect as we aim to give a definition of abnormal behaviour which can be applied in different cultures and societies.

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Normality and Abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Looking at this bell-shaped curve, the majority of individuals are clustered around the highest point of the curve, which is known as the average. The manner in which people interact with others, go about their lives are usually in accordance with the social expectations. In fact, no sharp dividing line can be drawn between the two behaviours as it does not exist in reality. Three common disorders that abnormal psychology covers are schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder and depression. Therefore, according to this criterion most of the people are normal. There is no automatic link between a label and a sense of abnormality. In Psychology, these are divided into different themes such as clinical disorders, , general medical conditions, etc.

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Normality & abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Popular essays and books such as The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit made normal men and women out as saps. It's a short hop from critiquing narrowed normalcy to claiming that we are an overmedicated nation. Thus, according to the statistical criterion there is no watertight compartment between normality and abnormality, but a complete passage between the two. But what if Cindy doesn't experience personal distress at it? The abnormal deviants who constitute about 10 per cent of the general population are classified into four main categories; such as psychoneurotic, psychotic, mentally defective and antisocial. The only thing I have yet to figure out that eats at me is my desire to feel accepted by others. But such a concept of abnormality leads to a lot of confusions. Obviously, this is an instance where falling outside of the norms is actually a good thing.

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Normality & abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Or, maybe she has damage to the bottom part of the front of the brain, which makes people do things that are socially inappropriate. But if the person on the contrary, plays with the snake very happily, it is a sign of uncommon behaviour which may be considered as abnormal provided that past experience or training does not play a part here. In other words, in the clinical setting, the proliferation of diagnoses has diverse effects, making some people feel more normal, some less so, and touching others not at all. Other important early contributors to the field include the German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus 1850—1909 , a pioneer in the experimental study of memory at the University of Berlin; and the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov 1849—1936 who investigated the learning process now referred to as classical conditioning. All four definitions in the table above have drawbacks as adequate definitions of abnormality. In ancient days, when people with abnormal behavior were found they were considered as engaging in or possessed by and were treated brutally.

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Normality & abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

According to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual abnormal describes behavioral, , dysfunctions that are unexpected in their cultural context and associated with personal distress and substantial impairment in functioning. The fascination with celebrities is bizarre, to want to be like them. If a pattern of behavior goes against what is considered as normal by the society, this can be defined as abnormal behavior. He is not able to maintain a balance between his Id and super ego. Such evidence helps shape the diagnostic manual. · The criteria in the model are culturally biased value judgements, i.

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Normality (behavior)

normality and abnormality in psychology

Well, since it fulfills three of the four criteria, most psychologists would agree that it is abnormal behavior, even if it does not cause personal distress. The lesson of mid-century is clear: When everyone is abnormal, diagnosis loses its sting. Life proceeds with the process of adjustment and it is only through continuous adjustment, one tries to meet the demands of life. Lesson Summary Abnormal behavior is any behavior that deviates from what is considered normal. I have experienced intuition once that kept me out of a dangerous situation. The difference between the three is only in degree and not in kind. She identified six characteristics of mental health.


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Abnormal Psychology

normality and abnormality in psychology

Despite her misgivings, I asked Roberta to consider psychotherapy, exercise, bright lights for winter in New England , and medication. This is generally believed to be an automatic process, in other words we do not really think about it. It just means that they are different. Examples in the context of physical health include immunization against disease, maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen, and avoiding smoking. Thus, people having average amount of intelligence, personality stability, and social adaptability are considered as normal. If we can define it, how do we diagnose it? Limitation: It is practically impossible for any individual to achieve all of the ideal characteristics all of the time.

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Examine the concepts of normality and abnormality

normality and abnormality in psychology

Classical conditioning has been said to account for the development of. On the contrary, when a man has many problems and he is not able to solve them successfully, he has serious mental troubles like excessive worry, depression, anxiety, unhappiness. Personality Adjustment: According to Meyer 1948 , adjustment to the environment is taken as the measuring rod of the difference between normality and abnormality. The cultural situational model allows for differences among social groups whereas the statistical model fails to do so. That makes me a narcisist, right? This concept, therefore, holds that the less one can adjust the less normal he is.

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