It is also important to enhance protective factors that can play a role in keeping youth out of gangs. Low income and minority families, in particular, are more likely to have their lives influenced by this cyclical relationship between unemployment, abandonment by and of the educational system, population density, street gang density, availability of handguns and automatic weapons, and elevated homicide rates. The relation between homicide and drug trafficking will be discussed later in this Bulletin. This weapon substitution process is associated with higher overall homicide rates. To effectively prevent youth from joining gangs it is essential to understand these risk factors. This gang effect adds to the social and family risk factors that may be present prior to joining a gang.
This has knock on effects for families, communities and society. Juvenile males who own guns for protection rather than for sport are six times more likely to carry guns, eight times more likely to commit a crime with a gun, four times more likely to sell drugs, almost five times more likely to be in a gang, and three times more likely to commit serious and violent crimes than youth who do not own guns for protection Lizotte et al. But not only youth or gang members suffer the health consequences. Since gang violence affects communities often, and the inhabitants of the neighborhoods it forces them to act in a certain way based upon where they are from and who they are around, which essentially is the cycle of socialization. In fact, it can affect anyone who has experienced, or witnessed, traumatic events such as serious injury, violence, sexual violence or death. In 2003, homicide ranked 20th for Whites as compared to 6th for African Americans, 7th for Latinos, and 11th for Native Americans and 14th for Asians and Pacific Islanders.
The effect of youth gangs on youth violence can be great. Negative effects of joining a gang last long after gang membership ends Date: March 13, 2014 Source: University of Washington Summary: Joining a gang in adolescence has significant consequences in adulthood beyond criminal behavior, even after a person leaves the gang. Many of the young people involved grow up in single parent households. A few years later, in a more extensive survey in nine of the largest cities, Miller found that 44 percent of all gang members were Hispanic, 43 percent black, 9 percent white, 4 percent Asian. The child cut down before they even had a chance to grow. The average age of joining a gang was just under 15 years old.
The amount of blood that was gushing down — I was gonna die. Gangs are a negative socializing agent in a neighborhood. In Denver, gang members committed approximately three times as many serious and violent offenses as nongang youth Esbensen and Huizinga, 1993. Second, drug trafficking contributes indirectly to youth and adult gang homicides. A mobilizing event occurs -- possibly, but not necessarily, violent. We identify with this person and therefore try to be like them.
Mending lives Most people working in trauma care are aware of these issues but they are working in an overstretched system which needs reform. Another effect of gangs is a sense of belonging to a family unit. A gang is something in addition to the members who belong to it. People tend to believe that gangs sell drugs to make extra money or even that many of them are structured as mini-corporations and are heavily involved in the drug trade. Lastly; more provision or funding for support groups are needed to provide a shoulder for those that are affected and suffering. Consequences of gang membership may include exposure to drugs and alcohol, age-inappropriate sexual behavior, difficulty finding a job because of lack of education and work skills, removal from ones family, imprisonment and even death. Further research is needed on the impact of migrating gangs on local drug trafficking.
As a result of gangs, increased use and dealing of drugs, a person's sense of belonging to a gang, and gang related crimes have had negative effects on society. Landre, Rick and Mike Miller and Dee Porter. Protective factors are positive influences that mitigate the impact of risk factors and decrease the likelihood of problem behaviour. The very fact that he remembered the event, he believed, was proof of this. Many communities have local gang prevention task forces. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2004.
Gang-related or otherwise, violence affects certain groups more than others. If you're a community member, be involved in kids' lives. Can we stop this cycle? Latino and African American street gang activity has a strong influence on the elevated homicide rates in inner city areas in particular. Often, what little success a community-based agency may have with a gang member is undone when the client returns to the environment in which his or her gang resides. Some gangs take control of vacant properties and have turned them into drug houses where gang members can come to use drugs. The widespread presence of drugs within and from gangs, present youths with opportunities to experiment with these drugs. Gangs Present a Different Set of Issues than do Non-Gang Delinquents For nearly the first year of my research I was convinced there was no need to distinguish between gang members and non-gang member offenders.
Those who do join gangs tend to have specific risk factors that influence their involvement and membership in gangs. The Conversation is funded by the National Research Foundation, eight universities, including the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Rhodes University, Stellenbosch University and the Universities of Cape Town, Johannesburg, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Pretoria, and South Africa. Typically they are clandestine in their activities and avoid detection. A trained mental health professional can help parents evaluate and treat mental health problems that may have contributed to gang involvement. Most gang related crimes are committed between members of opposing gangs, although innocent citizens are often hit by stray bullets. Law enforcement agencies define gang homicides differently see Maxson and Klein, 1990. The geographic boundaries of all of the African American gangs and virtually all of the Latino gangs were fixed long before the period of the study, thus negating the possibility that the relationship between outcome variable and the predictor variable was endogenous, and our study also controlled for the other known covariates of community homicide.