Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison In order to completely understand the relationship between two events, comparing and contrasting is necessary. Intellectually, these two societies developed skilled abilities and creations that changed history forever. To stop married women from tempting other men, they were forced to cover their bodies, except for their faces, with veils. Both civilizations were patriarchal, but Egypt was a lot less strict towards women than Mesopotamia. They were strong forces to contend with, and each built thriving empires that lasted for thousands of years.
First of all, they were both agricultural since Egyptian live densely around the nile and in Mesopotamia they relied on Tigris and Euphrates rivers Degla and Elphorat as pronounced in Arabic however Egypt surpassed them in that forte cause they had a better climate and the flood season and the mud left behind was actually very fertile so due to that fact the mesopotamian culture surpassed Egypt scientifically and in innovation. The New Year's Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt's most important festival was Opet. In Mesopotamia, they felt that their deities were not loving, care-taking beings. This represents the power that the pharaoh had over Egypt. In all its phases, Egyptian civilization was characterized by the strength of the pharaoh. Early in each dynastic period leading pharaohs conquered new territories, sometimes pressing up the Nile River into present-day Sudan, once even moving up the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East.
Although they are similar in their geographic stand points and their agriculturally based economy, they have distinct differences in their government structures and their social stratification. However, though they differ greatly, their reliance on rivers, arid climate, and establishment of great civilizations demonstrate their few but significant similarities. Social Structure Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia both had similar social structures, or ways of organizing society. The pharaoh governed the country through a large but efficient bureaucracy. Egyptians cherished their kind Gods and Pharaohs for the prosperity they bring to their land in terms of agriculture and weather, why the Mesopotamians scrambled to appease their harsh deities to survive their unpredictable weather conditions. It is easy to see where they come to these conclusions.
However, their views of these deities were polar opposites. As both civilizations formed close to important rivers and fertile land, they developed similarly Ecks, 2012. These extreme conditions resulted in the suffering and hunger of the Mesopotamians. Due to its decentralized government, Mesopotamia did not have the unity that Egypt enjoyed. The placement of a civilization on a globe often defines how that civilization survives; Mesopotamia and Egypt are no exception. Finally, Mesopotamia and Egypt's government was different because Mesopotamia was divided into city-states while Egypt was a united and confederate state.
Much Egyptian art was devoted to demonstrating the power and sanctity of the king. The rivers provided healthy hydration for each civilization. However, the Chinese empire could also be overthrown if they were a bad ruler. In Egyptian society, the Nile river was very consistent and predictable with its flooding, rather than Mesopotamia, where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were very sporadic with their flooding, and caused Mesopotamian societies to be very different. In Mesopotamia, the government was a monarchy, whereas the Egyptian government was a theocracy. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were occupied by agricultural societies relying upon irrigation for crop yield. At times the rivers would produce deadly flash floods, and on other occasions, there would be droughts that would diminish their water supply.
Both the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers frequently caused destructive floods, inundating villages and cities, killing people and livestock. Cities were more centralized and compact, with winding streets and multi-floored residential housing. Mesopotamian Women: -If divorced, they had no property. TheMesopotamians followed the Code of Hammurabi, a law system. .
Centanni is editor of Political Geography Now at www. A primary difference in Egyptian belief is that the Egyptians believed in the afterlife. Mesopotamia was more productive of technological improvements, because their environment was more difficult to manage than the Nile valley. Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. The one difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt in terms of economy is that the Nile government controlled most if not all of the trading monopoly, and they had their citizens pay substantial taxes. Mesopotamia featured distinctive cultures and was also the home of the worlds first set of laws. However in mesopotamia every city had its own ruler and each are ruled by a political center.
Unlike Egypt, which was protected from outside invasion by natural barriers, Mesopotamia was a vast open region. The Assyrians made the battleram and first introduced iron swords when Bronze was the Standard. In order… 1530 Words 7 Pages The rise of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia occurred around the same time and the environment and natural forces affected the similarities and differences in social, political, and economic stability. Ancient Egypt, on the other hand, was a single tightly organized state for much of its history. In addition, the Egyptians were expert chemists, as they modified and improve their ability to preserve the bodies of their righteous leaders or loved ones through the process of mummification.
Comparison Between Mesopotamia And EgyptComparison Between Mesopotamia And Egypt Ancient Civilization thrived in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Mesopotamia is situated in cutting edge Iraq. In Mesopotamia, women were much considered inferior compared to men. The week was the only division of time not based on any natural cycles. This divine rule was seen to be necessary due to the complexity of their agriculture system along the Nile. In Egypt, they accepted theirgods, but didn't fear them. However, Egypt also gained an architectural advantage from its centralized and authoritarian form of government, which allowed it to mobilize huge numbers of workers and slaves for construction projects.