It defines health, illness, and the search for relief from disease or distress. It is only possible on the occurrence of the following within the client-nurse relationship: the nurse, together with the client, defines creatively a different or new lifestyle for the well-being or health of the client. The assumptions, definitions, and theoret ical explanations related to cultural care are presented with the sunrise model to depict the major components of the theory. The core concept of the theory is in realizing the need for a global perspective to be formed in the practice of nursing all over the world. She earned several degrees, including a Doctor of Philosophy, a Doctor of Human Sciences, a Doctor of Science, and is a Registered Nurse. Nursing and Health Care, 6 4 , 209-212. Nursing is defined as a learned humanistic and scientific profession and discipline which is focused on human care phenomena and activities in order to assist, support, facilitate, or enable individuals or groups to maintain or regain their well-being or health in culturally meaningful and beneficial ways, or to help people face handicaps or death.
The concept of culture was derived from anthropol ogy and the concept of care was derived from nursing. Her advancement of the theory of transcultural nursing placed at per with other nursing theorists from around the world. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20 1 , 9-13. Man-living-health: A theory of nursing. Additionally, each individual may have a differing perspective on what values should be upheld.
It begins with a culturalogical assessment, which takes the patient's cultural background into consideration in assessing the patient and his or her health. Once the assessment is complete, the nurse should use the culturalogical assessment to create a that also takes the patient's cultural background into consideration. In some other cultures females are dominant. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 1 1 , 33-45. The Sunshine Model is Leininger's visual aid to the Culture Care Theory.
Etic Knowledge which describes the professional perspective. New York: National League for Nursing Pres; 1991. Nursing Decisions Leininger 1991 identified three nursing decision and action modes to achieve culturally congruent care. The theory was initiated from clinical experiences recognizing that culture, a wholistic concept, was the missing link in nursing knowledge and practice. Concepts about the person, the environment, and health grew into theories of nursing, which later became nursing fundamentals.
On the other hand, the complexity can lead to misinterpretation or rejection. Early in her career, recognized the importance of the element of caring in the profession of nursing. Nursing and Health Care, 6 4 , 209- 212. Biography and Career of Madeleine Leininger Madeleine Leininger was born on July 13, 1925 in Sutton, Nebraska. These modes can stimulate nurses to design nursing actions and decisions using new knowledge and culturally based ways to provide meaningful and satisfying wholistic care to individuals, groups or institutions. Cultural and religious considerations in pediatric palliative care. The complexity of the Sunrise Model can be viewed as both a strength and a limitation.
It is important for nurses in this current era to see themselves as professionals having intellectual bases for actions and decisions. Transcultural nursing and global health. They are: cultural preservation or maintenance, cultural care accomodation or negotiation, and cultural care repatterning or restructuring. Caring: theoretical perspectives of relevance to nursing. Professional care system s are defined as formally taught, learned, and transmitted professional care, health, illness, wellness, and related knowledge and practice skills that prevail in professional institutions usually with multidisciplinary personnel to serve consumers.
The Culture Care Theory defines nursing as a learned scientific and humanistic profession that focuses on human care phenomena and caring activities in order to help, support, facilitate, or enable patients to maintain or regain health in culturally meaningful ways, or to help them face handicaps or death. Through her observations while working as a nurse, she identified a lack of cultural and care knowledge as the missing component to a nurse's understanding of the many variations required in patient care to support compliance, healing, and wellness. The nurse must identify and address these factors consciously with each client in order to provide wholistic and culturally congruent care. Leininger also indicates that nursing as a caring science should focus beyond traditional nurse-patient interactions and dyads to include families, groups, communities, total cultures, and institutions. Until her death in 2012, she remained as one of nursing's most prolific writers and the foremost authorities throughout the world in the field of cultural care. Through a creative process of concept explication, reformulation, and resynthesis, the the ory of cultural care was set forth as a guide for the development of nursing knowledge.
Reprinted from Nursing research report, 12 1 , 1977. The phenomenon of caring, part V: Caring: The essence and central focus of nursing. Transcultural nursing is defined as a learned subfield or branch of nursing which focuses upon the comparative study and analysis of cultures with respect to nursing and health-illness caring practices, beliefs, and values with the goal to provide meaningful and efficacious nursing care services to people according to their cultural values and health-illness context. You are allowed to copy, distribute, display, perform, and modify the work, without permission from the author, copyright holder, heirs or assigns. Nursing Clinics of North America, 2, 747-762.
The Transcultural Nursing theory developed by Madeleine Leininger is now a nursing discipline that is an integral part of how nurses practice in the healthcare field today. Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, research, and practice 2nd ed. Nursing Clinics of North America, 12 1 , 5-18. Leininger understood that lack of cultural and care knowledge as the piece of puzzle that would overcome barriers in caring for patients with diverse cultural backgrounds. The significance of cultural concepts in nursing. There are many reasons it's beneficial for nurses to use cultural knowledge of patients to treat them.