Look at a map of the world…. It is so serious, gentlemen, so acute, that the least informed persons must already glimpse, foresee, and take precautions against the time when the great South American market that has, in a manner of speaking, belonged to us forever will be disputed and perhaps taken away from us by North American products. An exponent of imperialism, he was willing to cooperate with the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck in order to secure French expansion overseas. Because next door Germany is setting up trade barriers; because across the ocean the United States of America have become protectionists, and extreme protectionists at that; because not only are these great markets. But technology alone does not explain the expansionist fever that swept the Western nations in the late 1800s. Have they called upon you? The results of their efforts can be seen in the following map.
Ferry became an acknowledged leader of French republicanism with the publication in Le Temps of a series of articles entitled Les comptes fantastiques d'Haussmann Haussmann's fantastic account books , an exposé of the expenses, profits, and corruption of the rebuilding of Paris under the prefect, Baron Georges-Eugene Haussmann 1809—1891. Hence the need to have places of supply, shelters, ports for defense and provisioning. Between 1750 and 1850 the population of Britain increased threefold. The state recovered its monopoly in the awarding of degrees, but his proposal to prohibit teaching by members of religious orders the famous Article 7 was defeated in the Senate. To imperialists like Rhodes, the idea that there would soon be no opportunity for further expansion was unsettling.
This conclusion is based on the premise that as the list of physical injury increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. This made Ferry a prominent figure at the republican Congress of Nancy in 1865, which drafted a program of democratic opposition to the empire. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. It gives developments in world trade that made it urgent for France to have colonies; arguments made against imperialism raised by Ferry's critics and how does he counter them and the non-economic arguments that Ferry offer for imperialism. They were taught nothing of their African background, nothing of their slavery roots. Ferry's new imperialism included the French occupation of Senegal, Guinea, Dahomey, the , and Gabon in sub-Saharan Africa; expanded roles in many islands, especially Madagascar and Tahiti; and the consolidation of the French protectorate in Indochina in the years 1883 to 1885. He is especially remembered for championing laws that removed Catholic influence from most education in France and for promoting a vast extension of the French colonial empire.
The simple loyalty of the Germans contrasts remarkably with the lack of' chivalry in the English character. Each question is followed by this statement: Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. Speech on French Colonial Expansion to The Chamber of Deputies. Why do we have to learn about all these people? How does he counter them? Or is this not a pressing need, one may say a crying need, of our industrial population? Thence the necessity of having on the oceans provision stations, shelters, ports for defense arid revictualling. That is a great complication, a great economic difficulty;.
The rhetoric clearly has not changed much, if at all. The article is highly effective in convincing the audience that encouraging students, especially those from low income families, to use network devices will not necessarily guarantee academic progress. In the area of economics, I am placing before you, with the support of some statistics, the considerations that justify the policy of colonial expansion, as seen from the perspective of a need, felt more and more urgently by the industrialized population of Europe and especially the people of our rich and hardworking country of France: the need to find markets for our exports. The elites would then go to France and be sent back to Africa to civilize the rest of Africa. His views struck a responsive chord among many Germans who feared socialism and dmocracy and yearned for the day when Germany would be recognized as the world's most powerful nation. The devotion of the members of a community to each other is nowhere so splendidly conspicuous as in war. Movement on many benches on the far left.
Further Reading For an important aspect of Ferry's career see Thomas F. For indeed, while the exploration of the valley of the Congo was the occasion of the scramble for Africa, the cause lay deeper. He was assassinated by a religious fanatic. In the area of economics, I allow myself to place before you, with the support of some figures, the considerations which justify a policy of colonial expansion from the point of view of that need, felt more and more strongly by the industrial populations of' Europe and particularly those of our own rich and hard working Country: the need for export markets. As someone who has played all of these games, and usually at the top of the leaderboard when I do play, I was already excited before I saw the commercial. He was twice premier 1880—81, 1883—85. In the history of earlier centuries these duties, gentlemen, have often been misunderstood; and certainly when the Spanish soldiers and explorers introduced slavery into Central America, they did not fulfill their duty as men of a higher race.
. Today, as you know, competition, the law of supply and demand, freedom of trade, the effects of speculation, all radiate in a circle that reaches to the ends of the earth. The paper addresses recent developments in world trade that advantaged France to have colonies, arguments against imperialism and non-economic arguments all raised by Ferry. The methods by which this continent has been stolen have been contemptible and dishonest beyond expression. French expansion benefited from the encouragement of Otto von Bismarck 1815—1898 of Germany, who generally opposed German imperialism and who reasoned that a reawakened French imperialism would lead to Anglo-French confrontations over empire. After taking four or five centuries to introduce this doctrine, the church has then spent seven or eight centuries attacking it.
Instead, the laic school removed all religious teaching from the classroom, leaving it to church and family. But, in our time, I maintain that European nations acquit themselves with generosity, with grandeur, and with sincerity of this superior civilizing duty. Arkenberg has modernized the text. Ferry observed other countries prior to making his decisions. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history. On receiving his law degree in 1851, he was admitted to the Paris bar, but he first made his name in journalism as one of the most vigorous critics of the Second Empire.
Race in 19th century France: group of people not linked by color. His best-known work is his seven-volume History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century, In this and his numerous other writings, lectures, and speeches, Treitschke acclaimed militarism, authoritarianism, and war as the path to German greatness. The man who had perhaps been the most important single founder of the Third Republic's institutions remained in politics until his death in 1893, but he was rejected for the presidency of France and never returned to high office. Robinson in Tasmania Chapter 7, source 61? We must say openly that indeed the higher races have a right over the lower races. Nothing is more serious; there can be no graver social problem; and these matters are linked intimately to colonial policy. In-text: Ferry, 1884 Your Bibliography: Ferry, J. I merely express in a general way what each one of you can see for himself in the various parts of France.
In the history of earlier centuries these duties, gentlemen, have often been misunderstood; and certainly when the Spanish soldiers and explorers introduced slavery into Central America, they did not fulfill their duty as men of a higher race. We must say openly that indeed the higher races have a right over the lower races. Now, as you know, a warship, however perfect its design, cannot carry more than two weeks' supply of coal; and a vessel without coal is a wreck on the high seas, abandoned to the first occupier. The English were in the colonies for money while the French had a bigger idea of civilization. But, in our time, I maintain that European nations acquit themselves with generosity, with grandeur, and with sincerity of this superior civilizing duty. The conditions of naval warfare have greatly changed. Yes, Christianity introduced the doctrine of the separation of these two domains….