This is what the finished references section will look like. Type the first name first and the last name second. Olaf Press, 2010 , 115. Format the information according to the rules of your style guide. Each option will be perfectly referenced according to the style guide you choose in the style drop-down menu. Place a comma between the last word and the closing quotation mark.
To create notes, type the note number followed by a period on the same line as the note itself. Footnotes are not just for interesting comments, however. Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1954. In the References tab, there is a Footnotes group. In most cases, a footnote occurs at the end of the sentence with the information that you want to cite or discuss. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.
There might also be information in your text that you want to make a comment about that is beyond the scope of your paper. Use sequential numbers for footnotes throughout your paper. You can also specify the location in the clip that you are citing using an hour:minute:second format, e. Make sure your cursor is in your main text, at the end of the sentence you want to add a footnote for. Here is an example: This is an illustration of a footnote. Footnotes can be added quickly and easily using Microsoft Word.
For types of resources not covered in this guide e. Together, they cited information from. Enter the title of the article. Cite an essay in an anthology. Copyright Footnote When including a quote that is more than 500 words long or a test, table or other material from another source, you need permission from the copyright holder to use the material. Part of a multivolume work: John Smith, ed.
Place the footnote number after closing punctuation. See Kleiner 664 and Herbert 144-145. Therefore, simply exclude the page numbers from the footnote. If it is a dash, the number should follow the word before the dash. If the material is longer, it is not appropriate for a footnote and should be incorporated into the text or listed in an appendix. Providing this information is necessary, but doing so in the main text can disrupt the flow of the writing.
Your professor or editor may have specified a style for you to use. Typically, you would use the additional source to establish the relative reliability of the source you cited. Congress, House, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security, Counterterrorism Intelligence Capabilities and Performance Prior to 9-11: A Report to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Minority Leader Washington, D. Citations in footnotes typically are shortened versions of the full citation that can be found in your bibliography or Works Cited at the end of your paper. Keeping track of all the sources you used to write your research paper is a lofty task, but fortunately for you, Word 2013 has several built in tools to manage your references. If your instructor considers your Footnote citations to be adequate documentation, you may not be required to complete a Works Cited, References or Bibliography page. You've created your first footnote.
Shorten subsequent essay or article citations. However, footnotes are allowed when you want to point your readers to other publications where a topic is discussed more thoroughly. If your footnotes are excessive or unnecessary, readers are likely to become annoyed and may even be distracted from the main points of your writing. Volume or Issue number or both ; 5. Personally, I loathe text citations, as they break up the text and make it very confusing to read. Compiling footnotes at the end of your paper Below is an example of how you might format your footnotes if you compile them on a separate page at the end of your paper.
What makes consumers think dietary supplements are safe and effective? Place the cursor after the punctuation. The exception to this is that the superscript numbers should be placed before dashes. The copyright footnote indicates that you have the required authorization. Type the main title of the article. Sources are also usually listed in a separate bibliography.
Enter the full title of the essay. Smith, 2008, The Animal Journal, 77, p. Endnotes Authors can also use endnotes to avoid disrupting their writing with extraneous information. When applicable, incorporate additional information in the main text of the paper, but avoid inserting irrelevant material. If page numbers cannot be referenced, simply exclude them.