In this article the four main branches of philosophy will be discussed as an overview to aid in understanding the importance of philosophy as a teacher, educator, parent, or student. Logic: Logic is the system or principles of reasoning applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. Not only can we use different models for the primary categories major branches , we can also consider minor branches or sub-categories of any of the major branches we define. The content of this website is provided for informational purposes only. Law isn't often directly dealt with by philosophers, but much of political philosophy obviously has a bearing on it.
This is because reason is the main means of survival for a man as ones cannot survive in an ineffective environment. Thus an eternal God exists to explain these eternal truths. Do we consider social philosophy to fall under ethics? With an incorrect epistemology, one could not distinguish truth from error. This is unavoidable: if the answers seem to come easily to you, your inquiries almost certainly are superficial. Wittgenstein famously asserted that the limits of our languages mark the limits of our thought. However, the subject is grounded, the task of the logician is the same: to advance an account of valid and fallacious inference to allow one to distinguish.
The integrity of these divisions cannot be rigidly maintained, for one area overlaps into the others. Muslims believe that since Allah alone is the Creator, it is He alone that deserves our devout love and worship. Just like for epistemology, when Janice asked about how Paula knew the world existed five minutes ago, she could ask a similar question about how Paula knows that she herself is the same person she was as a child growing up. Metaphysics also studies determinism versus free will, the duality of mind and body, and other aspects of being, including religious concepts ontology and theology, noted below. For the purpose of this paper, I will be only covering the branches of epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. Logic's role, from this perspective, is to clarify our thought process and improve our arguments. Those who value truth recognize that there is no shortcut to it: every advance must be fought for tooth and nail.
Philosophy can be broken down into three branches: Axiology, Epistemology, and Metaphysics. At the root is metaphysics, the study of existence and the nature of existence. Human needs Ethics to live. What is the difference between Muslim , Moslem and Islamic? Socrates defines moral as being the logical result of rational thought. Understanding philosophy in the 6th century B.
In other words, Metaphysics is the study of the most general aspects of reality, pertaining to subjects such as substance, identity, the nature of the mind, and free will. This is the ultimate standard of value, the goal that an ethical man must always aim for. To answer your question he might use philosophy to make you agree with him. It also includes citizens' rights, laws, and justice systems. In particular, epistemology is the study of the nature, scope, and limits of human knowledge. The Western tradition of ethics is sometimes called moral philosophy. Anyway, on to definitions which should help clear up some lingering questions.
I think some people act according to the surroundings they are in at different times. For this reason, they are considered the first philosophers. I believe the soul stays around loved ones until the day of reckoning. That is simply a subdivision of philosophies related to computers, business, and psychology which are related to a number of major branches including logic and the social philosophies. Aesthetics is important because it delves into the reason why art has always existed, the burning need of mankind through the centuries to see the world in a different and clear way.
? In my opinion beauty is in the eye of the beholder and each culture has what they regard as to what is beautiful. Epistemology is the study of knowledge itself. This means that there must be some way to prevent a person from killing, threatening or striking another person. The way above, where epistemology covers what we can know, logic and reason covers how rational systems work, ethics and morality cover actions and feelings, aesthetics covers beauty and art, and metaphysics covers every other unknown is one way to divide the major branches. It is necessary to determine the true of the false by determining an appropriate method of evaluation.
That is, the categories of philosophy are logically broken down into sections based on the questioning of different aspects of the human experience and subcategorized from there… but there is no one perfect place to draw divisions. As you can tell, the different branches of philosophy overlap one another. To say that philosophy is secular also is not to deny that there are many thinkers, arguably including most of the first philosophers themselves, for whom it is not always clear whether they are doing philosophy or theology: philosophy, like any other discipline, has gray boundaries. Does it meet a goal? Is it merely coincidental that many forms in architecture and painting seem to illustrate mathematical principles? The psychological world I believe consists of our mind and the world that we chose to create for ourselves to live in. Understanding the nature of thought processes is central to this area of philosophy. There is no logically necessary connection between events at different times; therefore nothing that is happening now or will happen in the future can disprove the hypothesis that the world began five minutes ago.
Axiology is an umbrella term for different studies that center upon the nature of different types of value. It is now divided into mathematical logic and philosophical logic. It is the philosophical study of history, particularly concerned with the question whether history i. Philosophy encompasses a vast range of topics and ever person, place, thing, and idea has its roots embedded in it. Social and Political Philosophy - Concerned with the nature of legitimate authority and society and how philosophy intersects with political and social theory.
I believe all people have free will but different circumstances determine what happens to us thru fate. Metaphysicians ask what kinds of things exist, and what they are like. What ultimate worth, if any, do human values have? Instead of being treated as a single, unified subject, philosophy is typically broken down into a number of specialties and it is common for contemporary philosophers to be experts in one field but know little about another. The last branch of discussion is the Social branch. Its importance is based on this nature, specifically, on man's ability to abstract. Ontological Argument: The writings of Augustine also influenced the subsequent formulation by Saint Anselm of the ontological argument for the existence of God. It is a widely studied subject, and philosophers from different parts of the world have come up with their own unique ideas and theories.