Nature represents the Dionysian side of the universe, emotional, unrestrained, without law, while Man represents the Apollonian side, moral, restrained, lawfully structured. Nature runs rampant: Man civilizes. Satan finds Eve and flatters her. Gabriel, an angel, sits at the top and watches over Paradise. This Eevning from the Sun's decline arriv'd Who tells of som infernal Spirit seen Hitherward bent who could have thought? While it would be just to punish man for his own actions, God determines that he will act primarily out of love and mercy. He tells the other fallen angels that they should get back at God by corrupting this new creation of God. Uriel, becoming suspicious, comes to warn Gabriel and his angels, who are guarding the gate of Paradise.
Niphates, Satan experiences dissillusionment, but soon proceeds on his evil errand. He easily gains secret entrance to the Garden of Paradise. Milton asks that the heavenly light shine inside him and illuminate his mind with divine knowledge so that he can share this knowledge with his readers. Satan beheld thir plight, And to his Mates thus in derision call'd. Satan, in the form of serpent, finds her working alone and starts to flatter her.
The image of Satan sitting in the Tree of Life in the shape of a cormorant presages the entrance of Death into Paradise. In Heaven, the angels are horrified that Man has fallen, but God assures them that He had foreknowledge of all that would happen. Gabriel recognizes Satan as the leader of the fallen angels and tells his soldiers to be ready for a fight. In anger, Satan rises to his full height, still magnificent even though diminished. Night coming on, Adam and Eve discourse of going to thir rest: thir Bower describ'd; thir Evening worship. He does not stay put for long, though: he is drawn by the golden sun, hanging above the green and lush land, and flies toward it.
They both, then, satiate their new-born lust in the bushes and wake up ashamed, knowing now the difference from good and evil and, therefore, being able to choose evil. O then : is there no place Left for Repentance, none for Pardon left? So spake the Fiend, and with necessitie, The , excus'd his devilish deeds. His fallen army unanimously agrees by banging on their swords. To say and unsay, pretending first Wise to flie pain, professing next the Spie, Argues no Leader, but a lyar , Satan, and couldst thou faithful add? As Eve narrates her first waking moments after her own creation, we are immediately introduced to Eve's weakness, vanity. Their work, however, is pleasurable. Satan turns himself into a seabird and flies into the Tree of Life.
His feeling of despair at the beauty of Paradise temporarily impairs this confidence. Uriel then returns to his post. The animal forms that Satan has assumed symbolize the actual degradation that is taking place in both Satan's physical appearance and moral character. Satan does not realize that as he is having this internal debate, his dark shifts in mood have shown on his face. Adam and Eve become lustful, then hostile toward each other, and finally see shame in their nakedness. He tells him he hates his beams because they remind him of what he once was.
A flaming sword is placed to bar the gates behind them, as Adam and Eve are sent away from Paradise. After the first day of battle, the rebels construct a cannon and begin the second day's battle with some success. Theirs is one of continuous and sensuous joy, the only thing they cannot do is eat from the tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. It is clear in this book that Satan's argument for fighting against God is increasingly irrational. As Satan approaches, the man, whose name is Adam, speaks to the woman, Eve.
Yet higher then thir tops The wall of paradise up sprung: Which to our gave prospect large Into his neighbouring round. Satan makes his way into the Garden and is in awe at the beauty of Eden and of the handsome couple of and. Meanwhile, Sin and Death know that Satan has succeeded and build a pathway for his speedy access between hell and earth. Outside Gabriel assembles his troops and sends them to search Eden for the interloper. Next morning, when Adam and Eve go forth to their gardening tasks, Eve suggests they go in separate directions. Later, Eden, and creation at large, will become uncontrollable.
Before doing so, Michael takes Adam to a hill and gives the human a vision of biblical history, ending with the birth of Jesus who will be the savior of Man. God sends the Son down to judge the two disobediant creatures. He does not notice that during his internal debate, he has inadvertently revealed his devilish nature. Diguised as a cherub, Satan pretends he has come to praise God's new creation, and thereby tricks the angel into showing him the way to man's home. Finally, he is described as being like the low and homely frog.
Then, in an effort to keep the angel engaged in conversation, Adam asks about the motions of the heavenly bodies. Satan attacks God and the Heavenly Host, whose power has been limited by God. If I must contend, said he, Best with the best, the Sender not the sent, Or all at once; more glorie will be wonn, Or less be lost. Yet even as he reaches this conclusion, Satan refuses the idea of reconcilement with God, instead declaring that evil will become his good and through evil he will continue to war with God. Paradise Lost is told by a third-person omniscient narrator, whom readers later learn is in fact the author, John Milton. Satan assembles his fallen legions on the shore, where he revives their spirits by his speech. Michael splits Satan in half, which is humiliating, but not deadly, because Satan, as an angel, cannot die.