It is estimated that each city-state had about 100,000 slaves. The council of elders held almost all of the power in Sparta, as they made laws for the Assembly to vote on, could stop laws passed by the Assembly, and could overturn any ruling made by the Assembly. In Athens, it was the proper etiquette for a woman to be submissive and obedient. Which had the strongest army on land? The Gerousia came up with all of the laws and political policies in ancient Sparta. They were required by state policy to have an academic and physical education. Instead, Spartans used huge iron bars, a system a Spartan leader thought would prevent theft—to steal any valuable amount, a thief would need a wagon to carry the iron away.
Definition: Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families. It has the longest history of any city in Europe; it has been inhabited continuously for over 3000 years. Spartan children were taught to respect elderly, women, and warriors. Athenian women had to stay home however Athens was very enhanced … in learning and educating their men. Adaptation for older students: Older students may focus their research on the role of the slaves in Athenian society and the Helots in Sparta and conclude by writing an essay that compares the two. Interaction with other Greek states Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. Once a year the Spartans declared war on the helots and freely killed them, so the helots would be scared of the Spartans and wouldn't rebel.
Their city was mainly located on acropolis'. The amount of food that they had to pay tribute to the landowner always put the helots on borderline subsistence. If a woman's husband did not accept her baby because of its weakness or deformity, the child was left to die outside the city. Ultimately the Peloponnesian War was over the ideological and cultural rivalry between Athens and Sparta. Boys were taken from parents at age seven and trained in the art of warfare. The council ran the daily business of the government and proposed new laws.
Both Athens and Sparta had slaves, and treated them well compared to slaves in the United. I will discuss these two great nations and how they differed on training techniques, social structure, their military preference and how each civilization met its end. While the Athenian people spent a considerable amount of their time studying literature, art, and music, Spartans were training to be soldiers. Because of this, the Spartans treated the helots harshly. Spartan slaves, called, helots, did all the farming for the Spartans. Apart from this a group of 5 members, known as ephors, were responsible for education of children and conduct of a citizen.
Spartan women were independent and enjoyed freedom to the fullest which was not common elsewhere in Greece. The two city states had different governments and social make-ups. Women did not participate in the political life of Athens. Each trained their boys for battle, tho … ugh Spartansdid so much earlier in life. The power of the Athenian military was in its navy, which was highly advanced and is regarded to have been the dominant force in the Mediterranean Sea. The 9,000 Athenian warriorsran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to form up in front of thecity just as the Persian cavalry began to disembark, and repelledthem.
Athenians believed that one should also focus themselves on matters other than military ones. One radical difference between the two city-states was in their treatment of women. The result of this was to force the Messenians into slavery. Benchmarks: Understands the evolution and inherent advantages and disadvantages of major governmental systems in Greek city-states in the sixth and fifth centuries B. Originally ruled by a king, it was like many of the other city-states surrounding it, but the power of the king receded to that of a council below him, composed of nobles, called the Areopagus.
This site provides a list of victors for most of the ancient Olympic games. Conclusion Athens and Sparta shared few similarities, but many differences in their government. So all in all you will see Athens is a lot different than Sparta which I will tell you about now. Women were rarely seen outside the home and had no rights in the Athenian democracy. Sparta had militaristic values while Athens had democratic values. Their differences were the effect of geographical isolation but they began with the same base of ideas on which to build. Exercise 1: Begin by asking students to spend a few minutes briefly listing some terms other people would use to describe their state.
Sparta and Athens were both very powerful city- states Sparta and Athens also gave more benefits and rights to upper-class citizens. Social StructureWhich had citizens as the upper class? Which gave the most freedom to women? Further, in Sparta, both - boys and girls went to school, but in Athens, boys went to school but the girls did not, but attended basically, house work. Athens Differences Sparta Athens Ancestry Dorian Ionian Forms of Government Oligarchy Democracy Ruled By Two kings and 28 elders Elected Council Economy Agricultural economy Trade Economy Social Structure Citizens and Helots Citizens, slaves, merchants Belief Increase Military Power Emphasis on Education,Culture Education Military training Educated Women Independent No Freedom, Limited Rights Military Land Army Naval Fleet There were two existent forms of government in Ancient Greece, democracy and oligarchy. For example: Boys were taught reading, writing, mathematics, music, poetry, and sports. All free Athenian men over 18 years old were considered citizens, and only citizens could hold government positions. As time passed, the two would change from allies to rivals to bitter enemies. Slaves varied in status: some were given important roles in Athens, like policemen.
In the Athenian military, a soldier's rank was decided by his social or economic status before he entered the army. Ancient Greece brought to light the concept of democracy and ideas in the field of science and art. They also had Draconian laws which were pretty tough laws and sometimes unfair. The life of men and women in Athens and Sparta was very different if we look at equality and women rights; the conclusion in the end will. Helots serfs descended from those peoples who had resisted subjugation by Sparta and who were constantly rebelling.