Great Anthracite Coal Strike for kids Interesting facts about the Great Anthracite Coal Strike are detailed below. Army seize the coal mines and operate them until such time as the owners agreed to arbitration October 14 J. Everyone had their own opinions about who was wrong and who was right. They believed the employees were simply another part of doing business. On 18 March 1903 the commission submitted its findings to Roosevelt. At the same time, he decided that if no solution could be reached through negotiation, he would send in the U. Profits were low in 1902 because of an over supply; therefore the owners welcomed a moderately long strike.
Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, 1991. The , he informed Roosevelt, was too narrowly drawn to support such a move. Industrialists controlled almost every aspect of miners' lives. With no resolution in hand, Roosevelt ignored Mitchell and began assembling a commission to look into the strike on his behalf. Although the British accomplished their objective, they did so at a heavy cost. The mine owners also charged high prices at the company stores that were deducted from the miner's wages.
A mine cave in In 1902, Mitchell decided that the miners needed better working conditions. The sheriff took shelter in the Reading Railroad where his brother tried to bring him arms. By arranging for labor and management to meet face-to-face, Roosevelt unofficially recognized the union for the first time. All economic and political control was in the hands of the massive corporations. The union representing these miners was the , led by John Mitchell. Senator , himself an owner of bituminous coal mines not involved in the strike sought to resolve the strike, coming less than two months before the presidential election. So Morgan told Baer to compromise with Mitchell.
The coal operators did not see this agreement as fair and once again refused to deal with the United Mine Workers Union, despite the pleas of President Roosevelt. At this point, Brigadier General John P. He did not want to lose money because of a strike and he wanted McKinley to win the election as well. The strikers called off the strike. Two hundred people or more died in a single incident at in Utah, in 1900. Profits were low in 1902 because of an over supply; therefore the owners welcomed a moderately long strike. Finally, on March 22, 1903, the Commission announced its verdict: the miners won a 10% increase in wages and a nine-hour workday.
The rising crescendo of public rage was setting the stage for drastic measures. Wright reported that both parties cooperated with his investigation and that sharply different opinions arose out of different positions and not out of misrepresentation. There was hope for a settlement as long as firemen, engineers, and pumpmen remained at work. However, if that process had a beginning point, it could be said to be the strike of 1902 and Teddy Roosevelt's response. One such protest, the 1897 walkout of adolescent mule drivers, culminated in the Lattimer Massacre in September of 1897. The owners welcomed the strike, but they adamantly refused to recognize the union, because they feared the union would control the coal industry by manipulating strikes. The union also accepted the commission and, on October 20, voted to end the anthracite strike.
New York: Harper and Row, 1958. The 1899 strike in , Pennsylvania, demonstrated that the unions could win a strike directed against a subsidiary of one of the large railroads. Morgan, whose bank was reorganizing the railroads that owned most of the anthracite coal mines, to settle; and representatives of President urged the anthracite operators themselves to settle. Roosevelt then searched for other prominent men to add to Wright's commission. New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1961. Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 for kids: Socialism Many of the miners advocated socialism which is based on the idea that the federal government should own and operate industry for the nation as a whole. Mark Hanna and many others in the Republican Party were likewise concerned about the political implications if the strike dragged on into winter, when the need for anthracite was greatest.
Letter, Roosevelt to Hanna, Oct. Morgan made Baer and the other operators sign the contract. Use our sample or order a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. He was apprehensive about the miners' response. The miners asked for 20% wage increases, and most were given a 10% increase. Following the strike, the United Mine Workers became for a time the largest and most powerful labor union in the United States.
Continued burial and the addition of heat and time cause the complex hydrocarbon compounds in the peat to break down and alter in a variety of ways. It strengthened moderate labor leaders and progressive businessmen who championed negotiations as a way to labor peace. Neither Morgan, the operators, Hanna, nor McKinley wanted the strike to interfere with McKinley's reelection. Thanks to the anthracite strike of 1902, Roosevelt was able to employ the means of the federal government in improving the standard of living for all Americans. Theodore Roosevelt, who stepped into the breach, believed that both capital and labor had responsibilities to the public. History teaches us about the mistakes and successes we have made in the past, so allows us to once again succeed or fix our mistakes from previous years.
Research Notes Blatz, Perry K. Hanna and many others in the Republican Party were likewise concerned about the political implications if the strike dragged on into winter, when the need for anthracite was greatest. And the apostle Paul was als. The operators refused to deal with the union. Miners wanted higher wages because of the hazards and dangers involved with their jobs.